ハセガワ ノリコ
  長谷川 典子   文学部 英文学科   教授
■ 標題
  The Constructionism vs. Essentialism Controversy Resonsidered: For further development of Intercultural Communication Studies
■ 概要
  This article as a critical analysis of “cultural essentialism” and “constructionism” controversy intends to clarify how these concepts should be dealt with by students of intercultural communication. Here, the author challenges the claim that “classic studies” such as the ones by E.T. Hall and G. Hofstede are essentialistic. Close analysis reveals that the above claim itself is problematic, since the concept of cultural essentialism itself is a “fiction” or ‘virtual concept’ conceived by constructionistic researchers. The author takes the position that most studies that deal with culture or cultural comparison can be construed as sharing constructionist assumptions based on the tenets given by Burr(1995). This article demonstrates why studies focusing on culture and intercultural communication should be given their due respect regardless of their methodologies, and warn against the trends that regard quantitative studies or different or older approaches as obsolete or essentialistic.
   単著   北星論集   北星学園大学文学部   第55巻 第2号   pp.65-74   2018/03