ジャン・マウン
  ジャン・マウン   短期大学部 英文学科   教授
■ 標題
  Darwin’s Modern Bulldogs: Stephen J. Gould, Richard Dawkins, and E. O. Wilson
■ 概要
  Darwin constructed his theory of natural selection only to wait 20 years before publishing.Evolution has been a hot topic ever since then with many people finding many aspects of the theory to be reprehensible for various reasons.That the theory of evolution is evolving itself is a microcosmic representation of its own workings.That evolution happens is to almost any biologist a given fact, but what is driving such changes is more divisive even without bringing in God, free will, or sociobiology.The three most prominent scientists espousing their own takes on evolution are: Stephen J. Gould, Richard Dawkins, and E. O. Wilson. All are devout Darwinians, but Wilson and Dawkins hold that genes influence evolution much more than Gould does.Wilson started sociobiology only to be ostracized for political reasons and have the very name sociobiology discarded. Dawkins sees the gene as the unit of selection with the organism reduced to merely carrying out DNA competitions.Gould, unique to the three, thinks selection is multi-tiered, rapid, and random; creationists
and Darwinists both respect and revile him. At stake is our own human just-so story of how we became so special among the animals, and God’s place therein.
(掲載部分)P1-P10
   単著   北星学園大学短期大学部北星論集   北星学園大学   第3号(通巻第41号)   pp.1-10   2005/03