所属 北星学園大学 社会福祉学部 福祉心理学科 職種 教授
|標題||Cognitive Reflection But Not Reinforcement Sensitivity Is Consistently Associated With Delay Discounting of Gains and Losses|
|掲載誌名||Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics|
|著者・共著者||Michal Bialek, Max Bergelt, Yoshimasa Majima, Derek J. Koehler|
|概要||We investigated potential predictors of the preference for smaller sooner over larger later monetary payoff, so-called delay discounting. Cognitive reflection is the tendency to override intuitive responses with
deliberative ones. Reinforcement sensitivity captures the strength of an individual’s reaction to possible gains or losses in their environment. In 2 studies (n = 249), 1 exploratory and 1 preregistered, we found that cognitive reflection, but not reinforcement sensitivity, consistently predicted temporal discounting of hypothetical monetary gains and losses. We conclude that discount rates depend on how people combine various thoughts rather than on how strong is their sensitivity to gains and losses.